Date: 26 November 2011
Subject: Dead Man Talking:More Fake Encounters in Gujarat
*From Tehelka Magazine, Vol 8, Issue 48, Dated 03 Dec 2011*
*CURRENT AFFAIRS *
Dead Man Talking
*It's not just Ishrat Jahan. Rana Ayyub accesses exclusive intelligence
inputs and pieces together a damning trail on another encounter in Gujarat.
The story of Sadiq Jamal's death raises uncomfortable questions the
government might find difficult to answer*
[image: The family of Ishrat]
*Painful memories *The family of Ishrat, whose death was later found to be
a another fake encounter
Photo: Deepak Salvi
*THE WHEELS* of justice might grind slow, but they do grind, it appears. In
a major setback for the Narendra Modi-led government, on 21 November, the
infamous Ishrat Jahan killing was officially declared a fake encounter by a
Special Investigation Team (SIT) appointed by the Gujarat High Court,
exposing the blatant lies of many officers in the state police. This
reaffirmed Metropolitan Magistrate SP Tamang's explosive findings in an
*Tragic end *Jamal was killed on 13 January 2003
Tides Of Despair<http://www.tehelka.com/story_main40.asp?filename=cr291108tides_of.asp>;
Officials don't see fishermen
The bold men and the
[image: Sohrabuddin Sheikh was killed in a fake encounter on 26 November
*Snuffed out lives* Sohrabuddin Sheikh was killed in a fake encounter on 26
Photo: Trupti Patel
[image: Ishrat Jahan and three other 'LeT terrorists' were gunned down by
cops on 15 June 2004]
*Blood runs cold* Ishrat Jahan and three other 'LeT terrorists' were gunned
down by cops on 15 June 2004
Photo: Trupti Patel
[image: Forced Former Minister Amit Shah]
*Famous casualty *The Sohrabuddin fake encounter forced former minister
Amit Shah to lose his job
[image: DG Vanzara]
*Trouble ahead *Encounter specialist DG Vanzara is one of those implicated
in the Sadiq Jamal case
[image: Daya Nayak]
*Mumbai angle* Daya Nayak was 'instrumental' in handing over Jamal to the
[image: ADGP Intelligence J Mahapatra]
*Tough cookie* ADGP Intelligence J Mahapatra
Photo: Indian Express Archives
[image: Ex-Police Commissioner K Kaushik]
*Top cop* Ex-Police Commissioner K Kaushik
Photo: Indian Express Archives
[image: DSP Tarun Barot]
*Future tense* DSP Tarun Barot
Photo: Indian Express Archives
**According to the Gujarat Police, Ishrat Jahan, 19, and three others had
been shot dead on 15 June 2004 in an encounter. However, using forensic and
other material evidence, both Tamang and the SIT have found that they had
been shot in cold blood at an earlier date. Twenty-one police officers are
implicated in the case. Of these, suspended DIG DG Vanzara and ACP NK Amin
are also the prime accused in the notorious Sohrabuddin Sheikh fake
encounter case and the murder of his wife Kauser Bi. Both officers are
currently in jail for this.
**Apart from nailing the complicity of these cops, however, in a
significant gesture, the court has suggested the Ishrat case now be handed
over to another investigating agency — either the CBI or the NIA (National
Investigation Agency). "The probe agency would need to find out who played
the key role in the encounter, what was the motive, and what was the actual
time of the death of the four people," the court said.
This inquiry into "motive" and "key roles" is likely to prove very damaging
for Gujarat's political leadership. Defenders of the Modi government often
argue that encounters — even fake encounters — are not exclusive to Gujarat
and that the numbers are much higher in other states. This is probably
true. However, what makes the Gujarat fake encounters particularly
disturbing is the cynical and false propaganda that was mounted around
them. All those killed in these fake encounters were publicly billed as
Lashkar-e-Toiba (LeT) terrorists out to kill Chief Minister Modi, then
deputy PM LK Advani and ultra-Hindutva firebrands such as Pravin Togadia
and Jaideep Patel. In the communally polarised aftermath of Gujarat 2002,
such false propaganda was like a match to tinder. It can be no one's case
that absolutely no Muslim boys were involved in terror blasts in the
country but to cynically manufacture threats and bill petty criminals as
"terrorists" only served to tar the entire Muslim community as
anti-national and helped consolidate Modi as the 'Hindu Hriday Samrat' — a
man not only capable of teaching "Hindu enemies" a lesson, but one under
constant threat from jihadi groups.
However, these cases — and the brazen political use they were put to — are
likely to keep haunting the Modi government till justice has been done.
Ishrat Jahan is not the only murder case that is gathering steam. The
Sohrabbudin encounter case has already landed many high-profile police
officers in jail and forced the former home minister and a staunch Modi
confidant Amit Shah to lose his job.
(An earlier TEHELKA story had demonstrated that Sohrabbudin, who was a
petty criminal and extortionist, was well known to Shah before he was
killed and had raised uncomfortable questions about why he was bumped off
and billed as a terrorist. It is significant to remember that Shah was not
only the home minister during this time — and directly responsible for the
workings of the state police — but a man who was so close to Modi that he
held over a dozen ministerial portfolios. Discredited police officer
Vanzara, in turn, was very close to Shah.)
Now, in another blow for the Gujarat government, TEHELKA has accessed a
damaging paper trail about another encounter: Sadiq Jamal. Killed in
Startlingly, this trail suggests that both intelligence inputs and evidence
were being cynically tailored to frame the victim and fit a larger negative
discourse about Muslims. In a crucial detail, it is important to remember
that the police teams involved in the Sohrabbudin, Ishrat Jahan and Sadiq
Jamal encounters were all led by Vanzara, who was one of the most trusted
officers of Shah and Modi.
*THE FIRST* disturbing document in the Sadiq Jamal case is the FIR about
his death filed by the Gujarat Police on 13 January 2003, the day he was
supposedly killed. Far from being the precise factual report it should be,
the FIR is filled with broad theorising.
Sample the first paragraph: "After Partition in 1947, two nations, India
and Pakistan, came into existence. Pakistan was created on the basis of
religious fundamentalism, whereas India remained a secular state. In order
to grab Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan fought three wars against India, the last
insurgency was made in Kargil. It was the continuation of Pakistan's
warring tendency. In Gujarat, the Godhra carnage was followed by largescale
riots and arson. The ISI and jihadi organisations from Pakistan, in
association with underworld gangsters and notorious gangs, took advantage
of the situation arising from the riots to target Gujarat. This fact is
clearly established by various acts of terrorism such as the attack on
Akshardham, the conspiracy to kill Narendra Modi and Pravin Togadia in
Ahmedabad by local LeT terrorists, namely Shahid Bakshi and Samir Khan
Pathan, and the firing on VHP general secretary Dr Jaideep Patel."
**This FIR was filed by Inspector JG Parmar — who was also involved in the
Samir Khan Pathan and Ishrat Jahan encounters — and interestingly, in so
far as the theorising goes, the FIRs in the Ishrat and Sohrabuddin cases
read almost verbatim to this one.
Unfortunately, while filing the FIR, the Gujarat Police couldn't have
predicted that the two 'terrorists' it cited — Samir Khan Pathan and Shahid
Bakshi — would later be exonerated. The Pathan encounter has already been
termed a fake one and Bakshi, who was profiled by TEHELKA in its
investigation *SIMI* *Fictions,* has already been acquitted.
As a CBI investigator probing the case said, "They were so confident their
crimes would never be exposed that they did not even bother to change the
script of the concocted stories, however unbelievable they were."
The FIR goes on to say: "Sadiq Jamal Mehtar, residing in Dubai, was
originally a resident of Bhavnagar and had gone to Mumbai where he came in
contact with the underworld. In Dubai, he was staying with Tariq Parveen,
who was originally a resident of Mumbai. Parveen was Chhota Shakeel's
brother-in-law and closely associated with Dawood Ibrahim. Dawood's brother
Anees and Shakeel's confidant Salim Chiplun used to visit Jamal in Dubai.
Meanwhile, Jamal had seen on television channels the news regarding
incidents of communal violence in Gujarat that had erupted after the Godhra
carnage. On seeing such incidents, he had made up his mind to kill Narendra
A simple question bears asking: if the police killed Sadiq Jamal in a
genuine encounter on 13 January 2003, how could they know such precise
psychological details about him in the FIR filed that day — that he had
watched the Gujarat riots on TV and decided to kill Narendra Modi?
However, not all elements of the FIR are false. Of the little that is known
about Sadiq Jamal, these appear to be the facts.
A Class IX dropout, Jamal used to work odd jobs at his father's garage in
Bhavnagar and play cricket in the backyard. In 1997, when he was 16, he got
into an altercation with a neighbourhood youth and was hauled up by the
police. Chided by his family for his wastrel ways, he ran away to Mumbai
where he stayed in the bylanes of Mohammed Ali Road, a Muslim ghetto, home
not just to traders, businessmen and hoteliers but also crooks and
gangsters from the underworld.
Working odd jobs, Jamal apparently came in contact with men who promised to
land him a job in Dubai. He took the offer. As it turned out, the teenager
found himself deposited as a domestic help at the residence of Tariq
Parveen, a relative of Chhota Shakeel, and a key lieutenant of the Dawood
If this is where Jamal's biography had ended, the Gujarat Police's FIR
might have had an element of plausibility. But in a curious twist, another
man entered the picture at this stage: a Mumbai-based journalist called
Ketan Tirodkar. Tirodkar's explosive account of what really happened with
Sadiq Jamal, filed as an affidavit in the Gujarat High Court, blows the lid
off a cynical conspiracy and raises many uncomfortable questions for the
*IN 1996*, Tirodkar, a crime reporter with a Mumbai tabloid, had
self-confessedly crossed the line and become involved with the underworld.
Occupying a grey zone, he claims he infiltrated the Dubai mafia and worked
with the police to nab several fugitives and even led the Interpol to
Chhota Rajan in Australia once. He also accused Mumbai police commissioner
D Sivanand and encounter specialist Vijay Salaskar (killed in the 2008
Mumbai terror attack) of protecting the mafia.
However, in 2002, according to Tirodkar, he became friends with Mumbai's
controversial encounter specialist Daya Nayak and got into the extortion
business with him, travelling often to Dubai to demand crores of rupees
from don Chhota Shakeel.
*All those killed in the fake encounters were publicly billed as LeT
terrorists out to kill Modi, Advani and Hindutva firebrands*
In November 2003, possibly as the result of a falling out between them,
Tirodkar filed a complaint in a MCOCA (Maharashtra Control of Organised
Crime Act) court exposing Nayak's racket. This could have been dismissed as
an act of malice except Tirodkar also implicated himself in the case and
was arrested. Nayak denied knowing him and escaped jail, because the police
commissioner AN Roy refused to sanction an investigation against him.
However, Nayak was later suspended from the force for possessing
In 2008, after almost 30 months in jail, Tirodkar was granted bail. Around
this time, first accounts in the media began to appear that Sohrabuddin had
been killed in a false encounter and Vanzara came prominently into the news.
Watching Vanzara in the media, many things apparently clicked into place
for Tirodkar, and he filed a fresh and explosive affidavit against Daya
Nayak in the MCOCA court, which would come to have a huge bearing on the
Sadiq Jamal encounter.
This is what Tirodkar's affidavit summarised. On his money collection trips
to Dubai, Tirodkar had apparently met Sadiq Jamal in Tariq Parveen's house.
Jamal, it appears, was pretty unhappy because he was not getting his full
pay. At some point, therefore, he escaped and went back to Bhavnagar, where
he got involved in a gambling case and was picked up by the police. He also
had a minor stone-pelting case against him already. Fearing he was now on
the radar and would constantly be harassed by the police in post-riot
Gujarat, Jamal made his way to Mumbai and tracked down Tirodkar, whom he
knew from his Dubai stint as a "Mumbai policewalla's man". He asked
Tirodkar to use his police contacts to help him get out of the gambling and
But destiny had other plans. Around that time, if Tirodkar is to be
believed, Daya Nayak and Tirodkar were asked to supply a Muslim boy with
some criminal background to the Gujarat Police. Jamal, unfortunately,
Tirodkar says in his affidavit, "Sadiq Jamal had come to me for help.
Taking advantage of his helplessness, I asked him to come to the traffic
police post on the Andheri flyover on 11 January 2003. I met him there and
took him to the Sanjay Gandhi National Park. Daya Nayak had kept two police
officers from the Gujarat Police waiting there. In recent times, I have
seen the photographs of Vanzara and as far as I can recall, one of the
persons waiting that day was him."
A detail that adds to the authenticity of Tirodkar's affidavit is the fact
that back in 2004, in one of his many affidavits against Nayak, Tirodkar
had already made a mention of Jamal, alleging that apart from the extortion
business, Nayak was responsible for killing many innocent people.
His 2008 affidavit, however, elaborated the Jamal case in much more
explosive and elaborate detail. As the affidavit made news, Jamal's brother
Shabbir Mehtar mustered the courage to file a petition in the Gujarat High
Court, along with Tirodkar's affidavit, seeking a CBI probe into Jamal's
"We approached the courts only after we saw the truth about Sohrabuddin
coming out in the media," says Shabbir. "It took us five years because we
were constantly under threat from Vanzara, who was one of the officers
involved in my brother's case. When we had gone to receive Jamal's body, he
told my father the same would happen to me if we didn't keep quiet."
Finally, almost three years after Shabbir's petition was filed, on 16 June
2011, despite high resistance from the Gujarat government, Justice MR Shah
handed the Sadiq Jamal encounter case to the CBI.
In the months since, the CBI has sent summons to Tirodkar, but he has
ducked an appearance so far. Speaking to TEHELKA, Tirodkar said he feared
for his life. "I met the CBI officers earlier but I haven't been able to
meet them after the summons were issued. I want to know if they are calling
me as an accused or a witness."
Pravin Salunkhe, DIG (ACB), who has sent summons to Tirodkar, told TEHELKA,
"Why should we pre-decide whether Ketan Tirodkar is a witness or an
accused. Until we hear the details from him, it will be premature to talk
of what role would be attributed to him."
Another CBI officer added: "Whether Tirodkar's statements are genuine facts
can only be checked as and when we get the corroborative evidence. We have
also sent summons to Daya Nayak, which he's been avoiding. We are looking
at the legal recourses available to us. Once we have interrogated both of
them, the veracity of Tirodkar's affidavit will be proved."
TEHELKA has tried to reach Nayak for his version but he has refused to
*UNFORTUNATELY FOR* the Gujarat government, the incriminating trail in the
Sadiq Jamal encounter does not end here. There is other official evidence
that corroborates Tirodkar's affidavit and points to elaborate conspiracies
being hatched in Gujarat, leading to false encounters and manufactured
terror threats. This corroborative material includes police chargesheets
and — most damagingly — even central intelligence inputs, exclusively
accessed for the first time by TEHELKA. These intelligence inputs on the
Jamal case are likely to be a major source of discomfort for both the
Intelligence Bureau officers involved and the Gujarat Police.
But first, the sequence of events: two months before he was killed, Sadiq
Jamal Mehtar and five others were arrested, presented before a magistrate
and chargesheeted in a Bhavnagar court. The time and date of their offence
is shown as 0410 hours, 9 November 2002. The chargesheet — a copy of which
is with TEHELKA — was filed on 15 November 2002. Nowhere does it state that
the accused are absconding.
Clearly, Jamal was on the police radar — they knew who he was; he had been
presented before a magistrate; and he seemed to be adhering to the rule to
appear periodically at the police station as there was no complaint then or
subsequently that he was absconding. This part of the story ties in with
Tirodkar's assertion that Jamal had got involved in a gambling case in
Bhavnagar and approached him for help.
*CBI officers believe that in the Jamal case, the additional trail of IB
inputs could end up nailing several top cops*
However, in a startling development, on 24 November 2002 — 10 days after
Jamal had already been produced and chargesheeted in the Bhavnagar court —
an intelligence input was sent from the IB (Central Intelligence) Joint
Director Rajinder Kumar to the Commissioner and DCP of Gujarat Police
(copies of which are with TEHELKA), which says, "According to reliable
information from a channel, one Sadiq Jamal, a Dubai-based person, was
recently contacted by Salim Chiplun, a Pakistan-based gangster and a close
associate of Anees Ibrahim and has reportedly been briefed about the task
of targeting three important targets from the list of ISI and LeT. The
targets are Deputy Prime Minister LK Advani, Gujarat Chief Minister
Narendra Modi and VHP leader Pravin Togadia. Sadiq has reportedly landed in
Mumbai and it is learnt that he has vowed to finish off the first available
target during the ensuing Assembly election. He has been reportedly on the
move between Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bhavnagar and Delhi. He is a native of
Gujarat and closely associated with the Dawood gang. He is 22, unmarried
and a heavy drinker. He is awaiting the delivery of weapons and money
through hawala. He also holds a fraudulent Indian passport."
This intelligence input beggars even a common man's credulity. Jamal had
already been arrested and chargesheeted by the Bhavnagar police in the
gambling case but let off. They knew about his antecedents and whereabouts.
At which point had he metamorphosed into the dreaded terror operative
Rajinder Kumar's input made him out to be? Could he really have been
"reportedly on the move between Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Bhavnagar and Delhi" and
"awaiting delivery of weapons and money through hawala" while he was under
the Gujarat Police's watch? And if they really did have fresh credible
evidence on him, why did they not arrest him again?
If this were not enough, barely five days later, another strange
intelligence input was sent to the Gujarat Police by IB Joint Director
Kumar. On 29 November 2002, in a message marked "secret" (No: 6/CR/Snow
peak/2002/703), Kumar wrote to DGP K Chakravarty, with a copy to Additional
Director General of Police Mahapatra, and subsidiary Intelligence Bureau,
The message said Sadique@Ayyub Islam on Nov 29 till 1700 hours will be
available at 1. Ajju Bhaiyya: maternal uncle of Sadiq. STD booth, behind
bus stand; 2. Garage of Rafique* bhai*: near Navrangpura, Kurtanmal Gate;
3. Telephone No. 02782516308 (Information also technically shared with SP,
It seems the input was kept deliberately vague. Upon receiving this
information, 15 officers from four police stations in Bhavnagar visited the
locations mentioned in the input but failed to trace Jamal.
"The police team went to all the three locations but did not find the
concerned person," an officer, who wishes to stay anonymous, tells TEHELKA.
"We could locate only the first two places and not the house because the
whereabouts were not mentioned clearly. We also had to search each and
every telephone booth. Logically, we gave a nil report. Also there was
nobody by the name of Sadiq Ismail. But when we went to the garage that was
in the name of Ajju Bhaiyya, we found out that he had a nephew named Sadiq
Jamal who had been away for the past five years. The next day, when we got
his antecedents checked, we informed the Central Intelligence that this boy
was only involved in a case of stone pelting when he was 16."
However, on 9 December 2002 — almost a month after Jamal had been arrested
in Bhavnagar — the Central Intelligence sent a third input to the
Commissioner of Police in Gujarat. A copy of this too is with TEHELKA. This
input said: "It is reliably learnt that on 24 November 2002, around 2400
hours IST, the Dubai-based associates of Dawood Ibrahim were eagerly
waiting for some spectacular terrorist action to happen in Ahmedabad. When
contacted by one of the associates in Ahmedabad, those in Dubai said that
they were watching television to hear the news. Incidentally Modi's
election office in Maninagar was inaugurated at 2100 hours the same day.
This could be a possible link to the conversation. There had been reports
earlier that Dubai/Pakistan-based underworld elements are planning to
eliminate Modi and senior BJP leaders. In light of the above threats, the
Gujarat government is requested to make immediate review of the security of
According to the anonymous officer, these inputs had begun to sound dodgy.
"It looked as if it was all scripted," he says. "Isn't it surprising that
an LeT operative, who was supposedly sent on a mission from Pakistan and
Dubai, should sit around playing cards on the streets of Bhavnagar and even
get caught in that act?"
On 13 January 2003, according to Tirodkar, after the hapless Jamal had been
handed over to the Gujarat Police by him and Daya Nayak and killed in cold
blood, the FIR that was filed by Inspector Parmar refers to these
intelligence inputs now in TEHELKA's possession as seeming justifications
for the encounter.
The FIR says, "According to intelligence inputs received from Central
agencies, a startling information was received on 24 November 2002 that
when Chief Minister Narendra Modi was to inaugurate his election office in
Maninagar, Jamal was present in the crowd dressed as an activist. As the
security around the chief minister was tight, he probably realised that he
may not be successful in his ulterior motive and gave up."
However, strangely, nowhere in the three IB inputs — including the one sent
on 24 November — is it mentioned anywhere that Jamal was dressed as an
activist and waiting to kill Modi in the crowd. And, in any case, if any of
this were even remotely true, how is it possible that the police could not
trace Jamal who had already been arrested and chargesheeted by them?
As the anonymous officer who gave the intelligence inputs to TEHELKA says,
"At first, it had seemed these inputs were just loose information, along
the lines of that which we get in the hundreds every day. But taken
together and read in the light of what eventually happened, these three IB
inputs seemed to be either deliberately misleading or pre-decided."
A CBI official now investigating the case explains, "There are two
possibilities we are looking at. The first possibility is that Sadiq Jamal
was profiled after he was caught in the gambling case and the intelligence
inputs were manufactured accordingly. We are also looking at the
possibility that the gambling case itself was a ploy to hook him up in a
While the IB inputs may not fit neatly to form a cohesive picture, they
certainly seem to point to the fact that Jamal had been identified by the
Gujarat Police as a target to be used. Probing the "motives" behind this —
as the Gujarat High Court has directed in the Ishrat case — can only lead
to very disturbing but seemingly logical conclusions.
*IT MAY* be relatively easy to concoct fabricated histories and motives for
fumbling young men like Sadiq Jamal — out of favour with both family and
luck — but bullet wounds have a difficult habit of telling the truth.
In the Ishrat Jahan encounter, the forensics clearly established that,
contrary to the police's story, Ishrat and the three men she was with had
been shot at close range. In Sadiq Jamal's case too, an impartial forensic
examination is likely to establish its own truth.
Inspector Parmar's FIR states, "I was informed that Sadiq Jamal was to
visit his friend on the night at 2330 hours at Jay Ambe Traders in Saibaba
Complex near Galaxy Cinema in Naroda Gam. So we boarded a private vehicle
and reached Jai Ambe Traders. We kept a secret watch and saw a person
coming towards us from Galaxy Cinema. When the person came very close, we
identified him as Jamal. We tried to nab him but he became suspicious and
started firing from his revolver. As he was a well-trained LeT terrorist,
we had to resort to fire in self-defence."
There seems to be a glaring disjunction here. The existing forensic report
on Jamal says he was killed due to bullets entering from the right side of
the brain and exiting from the left, which experts say can happen only when
a person is shot with the barrel of the gun pointed to his head as opposed
to someone shooting from the front.
What's more, the Gujarat Police have failed to identify the friend that
Jamal was supposedly planning to visit. If there was indeed information
that Jamal was going to meet his friend, why is there no trace of this
friend even in the list of witnesses and why was the friend not identified?
The concoction of evidence and facts does not end here. The CBI has asked
the Gujarat High Court for permission to examine the service revolver used
in the Ishrat Jahan encounter. The one used was a .38 bore revolver. Parmar
was the same officer who shot at both Ishrat and Sadiq. The CBI is baffled
because the enclosures given along with the FIR says that a .32 bore
revolver was recovered from Sadiq's body but the cartridges shown along
with it are of a .38 make, which are a mismatch that points towards
fabrication of evidence.
While transferring the Jamal case to the CBI in June 2011, the court had
not designated it a false encounter. However, both the petitioners and the
CBI officers probing the case believe that the answers to all these
questions will have the same conclusion as the Sohrabuddin case: that Jamal
was killed in a false encounter, engineered through an elaborate
conspiracy. Only this time, there is the additional trail of the IB inputs
that could end up nailing several top cops.
*It may be easy to concoct motives for youth like Jamal but bullet wounds
have a difficult habit of telling the truth*
The high court has already directed the Gujarat Crime Branch to register a
fresh FIR in the case. Taking cognisance of it, the petitioner Mukul Sinha
has filed a fresh petition that has been forwarded to the CBI. "We have not
just named Tarun Barot and Vanzara but also Intelligence officers such as
IB Joint Director Rajinder Kumar, Commissioner of Police K Kaushik and ADGP
Intelligence J Mahapatra for having acted on the basis of these concocted
inputs," says Sinha. The CBI is also set to take down the testimony of the
anonymous whistleblower TEHELKA spoke to.
Altogether, there seem to be tough times ahead for all the officers who
toed the government line in Gujarat. By sending summons to Tirodkar and
Nayak, the CBI has set the ball rolling in a bid to expose the larger rot.
The details of what transpired between Daya Nayak and the Gujarat Police
hold the key.
Sohrabuddin, Kauser Bi, Tulsi Prajapati, Ishrat Jahan, Haren Pandya — each
of these killings have dented Chief Minister Narendra Modi's credibility on
the national stage. If the investigation into Jamal's death is taken to its
most logical conclusion, it might just hammer one more nail into Modi's
prime ministerial ambitions.
*Rana Ayyub is an Assistant Editor, Mumbai with Tehelka.*
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