Monday, August 24, 2015

Rush!Linked to Dollar Hegemony,Market butchered: Sensex down 1200 points, Nifty down 300 points, Rupee touches fresh two-year low Investors lose over Rs 3 lakh crore! Who are thos investors? Rupee crashes to 66.49 against the U.S. dollar in opening trade Palash Biswas


Linked to Dollar Hegemony,Market butchered: Sensex down 1200 points, Nifty down 300 points, Rupee touches fresh two-year low

Investors lose over Rs 3 lakh crore! Who are thos investors?

Rupee crashes to 66.49 against the U.S. dollar in opening trade

Palash Biswas
  • The overall investors' wealth, measured in terms of total valuation of all listed stocks, was also down nearly Rs. 3.5 lakh crore.
    The Hindu
    The overall investors' wealth, measured in terms of total valuation of all listed stocks, was also down nearly Rs. 3.5 lakh crore.

Investors lose over Rs 3 lakh crore! Who are thos investors?

Never worry! Only the general public putting their money on stake with business friendly governance of fascism have to be destroyed in this bloody game of global trends.

Mind you,this hegemony is quite adamant to link everything the nation hasor the individual citizen possess hitherto with the market of Dollar Economy inflicted by radioactive oil fire.

We live in quite in an oilfield these fays and oil source is on devastating fire.Thus,aware or not aware ,you have to bear the burn in digital biometric robotic free market zone which is called a Hindu Nation these days.

I pity you my fellow citizens,the tax payers,the wage earners and even those who get bread and butter from business and industry.

Forge agrarian India which is predestined to be killed.

In a stock market bloodbath, benchmark Sensex on Monday crashed over 1,200 points — biggest in over seven years — amid a global rout, while more than Rs. 3 lakh crore got wiped out of the investors' wealth.

The BSE 30-share index was trading 1,205.7 points down at 26,160.37, while the broader Nifty index of NSE was down 353.35 points at 7,946.60.

The overall investors' wealth, measured in terms of total valuation of all listed stocks, was also down nearly Rs. 3.5 lakh crore as it crashed below Rs 100-lakh crore mark and stood at Rs 97,64,237 crore in early afternoon trade.

The loss suffered by the 10 biggest companies in terms of market capitalisation was itself close to Rs. 2 lakh crore.

This is the biggest crash in seven and a half years and the third biggest ever for the BSE benchmark index.

Interestingly, eight out of the top-10 intra-day falls took place in the year 2008. Monday's fall is biggest since January 21, 2008 when the Sensex crashed by 2,062.2 points.

The market was witnessing all-round heavy selling across realty, power, oil&gas, bankex, auto, metal, capital goods and IT sectors.

The 50-unit Nifty fell below the psychological 8,000-mark, while Sensex was seen moving close to 26,000.

'Turmoil in currency long-coming'

Amid free fall in stock markets, the rupee crashed to 66.49 against the dollar, plunging a whopping 66 paise. The rupee has not seen such a low level in almost two years in opening trade.

As stocks and rupee hit new lows, RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan said the country is in a better position than many other economies. "I wish to reassure markets that all macro-economic factors are under control. The country has forex reserves of $380 billion to be used," he said.

He said the turmoil in currency market has "been long-coming and China is only the last step in it."

Oommen Ninnan reports from Mumbai:

Slowing Chinese economy and the devalued Chinese currency Yuan, hit the global financial markets. "It has been a while since we have seen a fall of this magnitude in our equity markets," said Jayant Manglik, President, Retail Distribution, Religare Securities Ltd. This fall has largely been in reaction to the global markets carnage, "the second effect of which has been a weaker rupee," Mr. Manglik added.

Global markets have crashed following weeks of reports regarding China's low economic growth as its consumption story falters. This is in addition to other irritants such as Europe's woes and a general slowdown in economies across the globe. The US rebound story too is yet incomplete.

"In such markets", said Mr. Manglik, "The Indian economy still remains a bright spot. Of course, low commodity prices are good for India but a global slowdown is not."

Intra-day falls

As stock markets witnessed bloodbath today, the Sensex recorded an intra-day fall of 1,153.16 points till noon — making it the biggest crash in about seven years and the fourth biggest-ever for the BSE benchmark index. Interestingly, eight out of the top-ten intra-day falls took place in the year 2008. Today's fall is biggest since October 24, 2008. Following are the ten biggest ever intra-day falls for Sensex so far:

Business insider reports:
The selling pressure is likely to be unabated on stocks on Monday as a global sell-off in equities accelerates in Asia. Chinese markets are down as much as 8 percent as a slowdown in their economy reverberates across the world. in short, the trade set up is scary for the bulls. 

Investors are facing a sharp erosion in the value of their holdings as the SGX Nifty signals a 175-point gap down opening in Nifty futures today. Stocks across Asia are deep in the red with gashes ranging from 3 percent to 8 percent. Stocks in Japan are at 5-month lows and Chinese equities have erased their gains for 2015. 

Bears are in full control of all equity markets across the world. Apart from Asia, stocks in the Middle East fell sharply last Friday as a dip in crude oil prices played havoc with balance sheets of countries who depend on oil revenues to finance expenses. Major US indices crashed 3.1-3.5 percent ofFriday as investors and traders grappled with potential slippages in global GDP, led mostly by China. The weekly fall in the US markets was the worst in four years. 

Oil futures slipped below the $40/bbl mark in the commodities market. Safe haven demand for Gold and Silver futures is seen. Gold futures posted their biggest weekly rise since January. 

Meanwhile, the Nifty Index fell 73 points to 8,299 on Friday. Support is pictured at 8,100 points while resistance is seen at 8,430-8,520 points. The Bank Nifty lost 226 points to 18,057 points on relentless selling in private and public sector banks. 

Cash markets are in a sea of red. Foreign Institutional Investors remained net sellers for the fourth day. They sold a whopping 2,417 crores rupees of local shares, the largest sell figure in at least one month. Local institutions stepped up their net purchases with a total of 1,524 crore rupees on Friday

The derivatives space was in a bear grip. Traders pressed a huge net sale figure of 2,417 crore rupees for Index Futures; Net sales of 439 crore rupees for Stock Futures; Purchases of 1,980 crore rupees for Index options and net sales of 29 crore rupees for Stock Options. 

Delivery based selling was seen in BHEL, L&T and Just Dial. 

STOCKS TO WATCH 

INDIAN OIL CORP: The government intends to sell a 10 percent stake in Indian Oil Corp via an offer for sale of 10 percent equity at a floor price of 387 rupees per share.
Money control LIVE:
12:35 pm Europe Update: European markets have opened sharply lower following rout in Asia. France's CAC and Germany's DAX dropped over 3 percent. Britain's FTSE slipped 2.5 percent. Brent crude declined 2.5 percent to USD 44.32 a barrel and NYMEX crude dipped 3.4 percent to USD 39.07 a barrel. 12:20 pm Market Expert: India is on a much better footing than it was in 2008, as far as macro economic indicators like current account deficit and forex reserves go, says Nirmal Jain, Chairman and Managing Director IIFL. He tells CNBC-TV18 that right now global investors are panicking and redeeming their investments in emerging markets, including those in India. So the market could drift lower, he says, but cautions investors against selling out in this panic or buying afresh in a hurry. India's economy will benefit from lower commodity prices, particularly lower crude prices and so investors should not panic, Jain says. Another positive for the Indian market right now is the strong fund flows into domestic mutual funds. But he says that if the downtrend persists, fund flows into mutual funds could shrink. Also read - Stock market wealth crashes below Rs 100-trillion mark 12:00 pm Market Check The market saw biggest ever fall in a single day in 2015, dragged by nervousness across the globe on likely slowdown in Chinese economy. The Sensex crashed 1,045.26 points or 3.82 percent to 26320.81 and the Nifty slipped 322.15 points or 3.88 percent to 7977.80. Dipen Shah, Head of Private Client Group Research, Kotak Securities said global risk off trade has impacted Indian equity markets also. India, however, derives some positives from the current global meltdown, he added. "Brent crude, at USD 44 per barrel, will ease the current account deficit further, which will also have a positive impact on inflation. This will be a serious positive for several Indian companies. The rupee depreciation will also be positive for exporting sectors and companies, especially the ones which have large exports to US," he reasoned. The BSE Midcap plunged 4 percent and Smallcap lost 4.8 percent. About 280 shares have advanced, 2140 shares declined, and 45 shares are unchanged on the Bombay Stock Exchange. GAIL, BHEL, ONGC, Tata Steel, Vedanta and YES Bank topped the selling list on Sensex, down 5-7 percent. All sectoral indices continued to be in the red. Bank Nifty plummeted almost 5 percent. The rupee slumped to a fresh 2-year low, below the 66 mark, down 65 paise to 66.45 a dollar as Asian markets reeled under fears of a China-led global economic slowdown. The China rout accelerated, leading Asia sell-off.. Markets hit multi-year lows. Shanghai index dropped 7.8 percent even as authorities allowed pension funds managed by local governments to invest in the stock market for the first time. 11:00 Nifty in bear grip, Sensex sinks 1000 pts; ONGC drops 6.5% The rupee slumped to a fresh 2-year low, below the 66 mark as Asian markets reeled under fears of a China-led global economic slowdown. Read More » 10:00 Sensex, BankNifty, Midcap fall over 3%; Tata Motors down 6%Read More » 09:15 Sensex falls 900 pts, Nifty breaks 8000 on global carnageRead More » RELATED NEWS Sensex cracks 1500 pts, Nifty breaks 7900; metals crash Ecoboard Industries appoints G. P. K. Raju as chief financial officer

Read more at: http://www.moneycontrol.com/news/local-markets/bloodbath-continues-nifty-struggles-below-8k-gail-down-7_2705521.html?utm_source=ref_article




--


ap down on carnage across the globe as investors worried over Chinese economic growth. The Sensex fell over 1,000 points to 26,359.53; and the Nifty dropped 244 points or 2.94% to 8055.95. 

The Indian rupee has touched a fresh two-year low in early trade Monday following sharp sell-off in global markets as investors worldwide worried about Chinese economy. The currency has opened at 66.47 per dollar, the lowest level for the first time since September 2013, down 65 paise compared to 65.83 a dollar seen at Friday's close.

Agam Gupta, StanChart Bank feels the USD-INR will open higher in-line with other emerging market currencies. He expects the USD-INR to open at Rs 66.25-66.30/USD and trade in a Rs 66.10-66.60/USD range.

"We will keep an eye on supply of USD from local government banks but the move in global markets will remain key for the pair at the moment," Gupta said.

The dollar tumbled against the euro and the yen as strikingly amid China growth worries and as hopes dim that the Federal Reserve will raise US interest rates next month.

Major markets around the world suffered bruising losses as investors worldwide became increasingly concerned about Chinese economy. All of the main US indices closed down more than 3 percent on Friday, the fourth consecutive day of falls.

The Dow Jones Industrial Average closed down 531 points, or 3.1 percent, to 16,460 – the S&P 500 lost 3.2% to 1,971 and the Nasdaq closed down 3.5% to 4,706. Major markets around the world also suffered bruising losses as new data suggested Chinese factory activity had slowed to levels last seen in 2009 and added to investors' fears about the country's economy since Beijing devalued its currency last week. 

US oil prices also crashed down to below $40 a barrel a one point, a level not seen since the financial crisis. The dollar fell to a two-month low against the euro and added to speculation that the Federal Reserve may now not raise US interest rates next month, as had been widely expected by economists.

The Dow Jones index has lost about 10% from its record closing high on 19 May, mean it is entering a correction – a fall of at least 10% from a recent peak. The Dow has not fallen into correction territory since October 2011.

Friday's fall takes the Dow to its sharpest weekly decline in four years. Stocks had already fallen sharply in Europe, Asia and Australia. In London, the FTSE 100 closed down 180 points, or 2.8%, to 6,187 – the lowest it has been in 2015 and the biggest one-day fall since October 2014.

The UK index closed down for nine straight sessions – its longest losing streak since 2011. The FTSE 100 has fallen by 5.6% this week, Last week, the Dow Jones in the US fell 6%, while the UK's FTSE 100 posted its biggest weekly loss this year of 5%.

Investors are concerned about a slowdown in China and the knock-on effects for the global economy. Both France's Cac 40 and Germany's Dax indexes lost 7% of their value last week.

5 factors that led to the stock market crash today

BT Online Bureau    New Delhi   Last Updated: August 24, 2015  | 13:45 IST
5 factors that led to the stock market crash on Monday
Representational Photo

The Indian market fell the most in seven years on Monday. In 2008, the Sensex crashed more than 1,200 points on three separate trading days, posting the maximum decline of 2,272 points (intra-day) on January 22, 2008. Today's Sensex fall (intra-day) is the fourth largest  in market's history and was triggered by various global cues.

We take a look at key factors that dragged the Sensex and Nifty more than 3 per cent down.

China woes

Asian stocks slumped to three-year lows on Monday as a slump in Chinese equities gathered pace with Shanghai  slumping more than 8 per cent  as concerns deepened about China's stalling economy which has rattled equity investors around the world.

China-linked shares tumbled in early trading as well  with Hong Kong dipping 3.91%, Tokyo diving 3.09% , Seoul losing  1.88% and Sydney falling by 2.89%.

In addition, weak Chinese manufacturing data came in on Friday.

Over the weekend, China also allowed its $547-billion pension fund, the world's largest, to be invested in its volatile stock market.

Recently, China's central bank devalued its tightly controlled currency, causing market's biggest one-day loss in two decades. But as the world's second-largest economy continues to sputter, there are fears that China could be forced to devalue the yuan even more.

Crude oil price

Brent and US crude oil futures hit their fresh 6-1/2-year lows as investors continue to worry about weak demand as China's economy slows, amid a global supply surplus.

Brent oil lost 44 cents at $45.02 a barrel as of 0125 GMT after hitting its intraday low of $45.00 earlier the day. That's the lowest since $42.59 marked in March of 2009. On Friday, it ended $1.16, or 2.5 per cent, lower at $45.46 a barrel

Rupee Fall

The rupee fell to a two-year low and plunged by 66 paise to trade below Rs 66 level against the dollar for the first time in almost two years in opening trade on sustained capital outflows even as the US currency weakened overseas. At the Interbank Foreign Exchange Market, the rupee fell by 66 paise to 66.49 a dollar in early trade.

Sharp sell offs by foreign investors

Overseas investors have pulled out nearly Rs 2,000 crore from the Indian stock markets since the beginning of August, amid concerns over Chinese economy coupled with sharp erosion in the value of rupee.

The net outflow by FPIs in equities stood at Rs 1,943 crore during August 3- 21, while they invested a net sum of Rs 79 crore in the debt market during the period, which works out to a net outflow of Rs 1,864 crore, according to  a PTI report.

Wall Street's sharp plunge on Friday

On Friday, US markets recorded their steepest one-day drop since 2011. Weak Chinese manufacturing data, and another drop in China's stock market, rattled investors and led to Friday's tumble.

The Dow Jones industrial average closed down 530.94 points, or 3.12 per cent, to 16,459.75, the S&P 500 lost 64.84 points, or 3.19 per cent, to 1,970.89 and the Nasdaq Composite dropped 171.45 points, or 3.52 per cent, to 4,706.04.


http://www.businesstoday.in/markets/stocks/why-the-markets-took-a-deep-plunge-on-august-24/story/223044.html

Reasons why the markets crashed and rupee hit a two-year low against the dollar

IBNLive - ‎3 hours ago‎
The market opened on Monday with big gap down on carnage across the globe as investors worried over Chinese economic growth. The Sensex fell over 1,000 points to 26,359.53; and the Nifty also dipped below the 8,000-level by tumbling 309.05 points, ...

Monday mayhem: 10 things to know about Indian markets crash

Hindustan Times - ‎2 hours ago‎
#The rupee is mirroring trends in other emerging market currencies. Most currencies have been falling since China's surprise decision to devalue the yuan two weeks ago, in an apparent attempt to aid its exports. This has triggered fears of similar ...

Sensex Now 1500 Points Down, Rupee Inches Towards 67: 10 Developments

NDTV - ‎1 hour ago‎
7) The selloff in China markets weighted on risk assets across the globe. Asian stocks dived to 3-year lows while European markets opened 3 per cent lower. Copper, seen as a barometer of global demand, tumbled to 6-1/2-year lows as the anxiety over ...

Bloodbath on Dalal Street: Sensex crashes to 25842 on global markets carnage

Hindu Business Line - ‎27 minutes ago‎
Stock markets witnessed bloodbath today with the Sensex recording the day's low of 25,841.96 — making it the biggest crash in about seven years on a global rout and the third biggest-ever for the BSE benchmark index. The overall investors' wealth, ...

Market butchered: Sensex crashes over 1200 points, investors lose over Rs 3 ...

IBNLive - ‎1 hour ago‎
Mumbai: In a stock market bloodbath, benchmark Sensex on Monday crashed over 1,200 points, biggest in over seven years. amid a global rout, while more than Rs 3 lakh crore got wiped out of the investors' wealth. The BSE 30-share index was trading ...

LIVE: Sensex down over 1400 points, Nifty below 7900; Realty stocks down 10%

Financial Express - ‎27 minutes ago‎
12.46 pm: As stock markets witnessed bloodbath on Monday, the Sensex recorded an intra-day fall of 1,153.16 points till noon — making it the biggest crash in about seven years and the fourth biggest ever for the BSE benchmark index. Interestingly ...

Stock market mcap crashes below Rs 100 trillion mark

Moneycontrol.com - ‎2 hours ago‎
As a bloodbath hit the stock market, the total investor wealth crashed below the Rs 100 lakh crore mark on Monday while wiping out more than Rs two lakh crore worth valuation within minutes after the day's trading began. The total investor wealth ...

Sensex crashes 1000 points, rupee hits 66.49 in global rout

Firstpost - ‎3 hours ago‎
In a worst possible start to the trading session on the first day of the week, Indian stock markets joined the global equity rout as benchmark Sensex crashed over 1,000 points in the first few minutes of the start of the Monday trade on across-the ...

Sensex crashes over 1400 points amid global meltdown

Hindustan Times - ‎18 minutes ago‎
Interestingly, eight out of the top-10 intra-day falls took place in the year 2008. Today's fall is biggest since January 21, 2008 when the Sensex crashed by 2,062.2 points. The market was witnessing all-round heavy selling across realty, power, oil ...

Stock Market Wealth Crashes Below Rs. 100-Lakh Crore Mark

NDTV - ‎23 minutes ago‎
BSE is among the world's ten largest exchanges in terms of market value, while it is the largest globally for number of firms listed on its platform. It has over 4,000 actively traded companies and nearly 2.7 crore investors trade on it. The total ...

3 top reasons why BSE Sensex fell over 1400 points intraday

Financial Express - ‎27 minutes ago‎
Global markets and China stocks crashing: Asian markets were trading in deep red in early trade on Monday with Shanghai shares crashing 8 per cent sparking widespread unrest in global financial markets. The Dow Jones industrial average on Friday fell ...

Markets Live: Bloodbath on Dalal Street: Sensex crashes 1524 points on global ...

Hindu Business Line - ‎3 hours ago‎
Stock markets witnessed bloodbath today with the Sensex crashing by 1,142.06 points or 4.17 per cent to 26,224.01 on global market sell-off following fears of a slowdown in the Chinese economy and due to crude oil prices plummeting to over six-year lows.

Market meltdown: Sensex plunges more than 1100 points

Business Standard - ‎2 hours ago‎
"This fall has largely been in reaction to the global markets carnage, the second effect of which has been a weaker rupee. Globalmarkets have crashed following weeks of reports regarding China's low economic growth as its consumption story falters ...

Live: Sensex cracks 1200 points as China markets fuel global sell-off

Livemint - ‎15 minutes ago‎
11:40am: The overall investors' wealth in India, measured in terms of total valuation of all listed stocks, was also down nearly Rs.3.5 trillion as it crashed below Rs.100 trillion mark and stood at Rs.97.64 trillion in early afternoon trade. The loss ...

Markets Live: Bloodbath on Dalal Street: Sensex crashes 1098 points intra-day

Hindu Business Line - ‎3 hours ago‎
At 10.40 a.m. local time, the Sensex crashed 1,084.17 points or 3.96 per cent to 26,281.90 and the 50-share NSE index Nifty plunged 334.05 points or 4.01 per cent to 7,967.45. All the broader and sectoral indices were trading deep in the red and ...

Sensex sinks over 1400 points, cracks close to 5 per cent

India Today - ‎42 minutes ago‎
In a stock market bloodbath, benchmark Sensex on Monday crashed over 1,400 points -- third biggest fall ever -- amid a global rout, while more than Rs 3 lakh crore got wiped out of the investors' wealth. The BSE 30-share index was trading 1,205.7 ...

Markets Live: Bloodbath on Dalal Street: Sensex crashes 1153.16 points intra ...

Hindu Business Line - ‎2 hours ago‎
As stock markets witnessed bloodbath today, the Sensex recorded an intra-day fall of 1,153.16 points till noon — making it the biggest crash in about seven years and the fourth biggest-ever for the BSE benchmark index. Read more. 00:06. As stock ...

Investors lose nearly Rs five lakh crore in one day

Business Standard - ‎38 minutes ago‎
Investors lost a whopping nearly Rs five lakh crore in just one session today as the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) Sensex corrected by over 1,000 points in line with a global market crash, following concerns over economic slowdown in China, the world's ...

Sensex plunges over 1200 points; Rupee at 66.59/$

Business Standard - ‎11 minutes ago‎
"Indian stock markets are witnessing contagion effect of caution in global markets on a suspected China slowdown. While Indianmarkets have remained resilient and outperformed regional peers thanks to India's better macro performance over the last two ...

Sensex crashes over 1200 points on Monday, most in seven years; fourth biggest ...

IBNLive - ‎1 hour ago‎
Mumbai: As stock markets witnessed bloodbath on Monday, the Sensex recorded an intra-day fall of 1,200 points making it the biggest crash in about seven years and the fourth biggest ever for the BSE benchmark index. Interestingly, eight out of the top ...

Raghuram Rajan reassures markets as China woes spread like wildfire

Zee News - ‎3 hours ago‎
Amid free fall in stock markets, the rupee today crashed to 66.49 against the dollar, plunging a whopping 66 paise. The rupee has not seen such a low level in almost two years in opening trade on sustained capital outflows even as the US currency ...

Sensex, Nifty crack over 3%; Shanghai Composite plunges 9%

Business Standard - ‎5 hours ago‎
Markets continued to trade sharply lower, amid weak global cues, with China's benchmark index Shanghai composite plunging over 9% after the Wall Street crashed on the Friday owing to concerns over economic slowdown in China, the world's second ...

Sensex tanks 1000 points amid global sell-off, Nifty below 8000 level

Zee News - ‎4 hours ago‎
Mumbai: In its biggest intra-day crash this year, stock market benchmark Sensex plunged by 1,006 points while Nifty fell below 8,000 level in early trade on Monday due to heavy selling by funds amid global sell-off as worries about China's economy deepen.

Over 100 stocks hit 52-week lows on BSE

Business Standard - ‎4 hours ago‎
The S&P BSE Sensex has tanked 1,006 points or 3.7% to 26,360, while CNX Nifty has dipped 309 points or 3.7% to 7,991 in early morning trades after the Wall Street crashed on the Friday owing to concerns over economic slowdown in China, the world's ...

Bloodbath at Dalal Street: Here is why

The Indian Express - ‎23 minutes ago‎
This is the biggest crash in about seven years and the fourth biggest ever for the BSE benchmark index. The sell-off in the stock markets that gained momentum last week following fresh growth concerns in China, only increased on Monday and the ...

Sensex plunges over 1000 points; Nifty slumps below 8000

Business Standard - ‎3 hours ago‎
The bears continued to have a firm grip on the markets, amid weak global cues, with China's benchmark index Shanghai composite plunging over 9% after the Wall Street crashed on the Friday amid concerns over economic slowdown in China, the world's ...

Sensex falls 900 pts, Nifty breaks 8000 on global carnage

Moneycontrol.com - ‎5 hours ago‎
In Asia, Shanghai crashed 8.5 percent as new data suggested that Chinese factory activity had slowed to levels last seen in 2009 and added to investors' fears about the country's economy since Beijing devalued its currency last week. Hang Seng, Nikkei ...

Bloodbath continues: Nifty struggles below 8K; GAIL down 7%

Moneycontrol.com - ‎2 hours ago‎
The market saw biggest ever fall in a single day in 2015, dragged by nervousness across the globe on likely slowdown in Chinese economy. The Sensex crashed 1,045.26 points or 3.82 percent to 26320.81 and the Nifty slipped 322.15 points or 3.88 percent ...

Top stocks to watch out for today

Businessinsider India - ‎5 hours ago‎
... markets across the world. Apart from Asia, stocks in the Middle East fell sharply last Friday as a dip in crude oil prices played havoc with balance sheets of countries who depend on oil revenues to finance expenses. Major US indices crashed 3.1-3 ...

Pl see my blogs;


Feel free -- and I request you -- to forward this newsletter to your lists and friends!